Greenland is the world’s largest island and the least densely populated territory in the world. It has a population of 56,081 (2020) where 88% is Greenlandic-Inuit. About the 1/3 of the population lives in Nuuk which is the capital and the largest city.
The official language is Greenlandic (also known as Kalaallisut) and the reconigzed languages are English and Danish.
The currency is Danish krone (DKK) and 1 DKK equivalent to 0.15 USD (05/2020).
Air transportation is the most common one between cities and other nations.
There are no roads between cities because the coast has many fjords that would require ferry service to connect a road network.
Kangerlussuaq Airport (SFJ) is the largest airport and the main aviation hub for international passenger transport. It serves international and domestic airlines.
Nuuk Airport (GOH) is the second-largest airport located just 6.0 km (3.7 mi) from the centre of the capital and, along with the Ilulissat Airport (JAV), work as domestic airport and also serve international flights to Iceland.
HOW TO GET TO GREENLAND
There are two main airlines that travel to Greenland.
Air Greenland, which operates mainly from Copenhagen to the main international airport in Kangerlussuaq. Also offers seasonal flights between Keflavik in Iceland and Nuuk and from Keflavik to Ilulissat.
Icelandair/Air Iceland, operates flights from Reykiavik or Keflavic in Iceland to a number of airports in Greenland like Kulusuk and Nuuk. And offers seasonal flights to Ilulissat and the main airport Kangerlussuaq.
These companies don’t offer direct flights to and from the United States or Canada although you can book flights with connection in Denmark or Iceland.
SUMMER IN GREENLAND
The summer in Greenland is short, sunny and full of experiences. During the summer months, the temperature is pleasant and the sun is in the sky 24 hours a day. You can explore historic sites, enjoy the wonderful midnight sun and even see the impressive whales!
During this time the city is buzzing with life and great mood. The children have summer holidays, and many locals use the good weather to go on boat trips to the fjords. It is a good opportunity to go on short and long sailings trips.
It is important to mention that you are not the only one who visits the Greenland fjords in the summer, the whales also visit the fjord at this time of year! So if you visit us, you have a great chance to get close to the large marine mammals. You will be so impressed by their size and you will never forget this amazing experience.
The sun is standing in the sky, both, day and night, but you still need to bring warm clothes and a good winter jacket as it gets cold when we are on the water. Since the temperature can change depending on where we are, we recommend to dress in layers, this way you can take them on and off during the trip. (The temperature in summer can be between 3 and 10 degrees Celsius in the shade.) It may sound like a cold summer experience, but the air is dry and there are many hours of sunshine, so it will feel warmer than the thermometer shows.
Download our guide with tips and recommendations on what to bring on your summer adventure in Greenland.
WINTER IN GREENLAND
The winter in Greenland is fantastic. You can experience snow (lots of it), dog sledding rides (an essential part of living in Greenland), ice fishing adventures and the amazing northern lights.
In Greenland the winter extends from November to May. However, the best months recommended for the winter tours are from late January to early May. It is still a long season with plenty of opportunities for you to join Greenland Fiord Tours expeditions in the Arctic.
Temperatures can variate between regions, and in dry places even if the thermometer shows -30°C it won’t feel that bad. However, if there’s wind, it can feel colder than it is.
Due to Greenland’s size, is hard to generalize but the temperatures can go from -25 °C up to 8°C so we always recommend to bring enough warm clothes and dress in layers, in order to take them on and off depending on the day, area, etc.
Download our guide with tips and recommendations on what to bring on your winter adventure in Greenland.